Carefully Examining the Text

Tommy Peeler

To know God and to make Him known through the teaching of the Scriptures read less
Religião e espiritualidadeReligião e espiritualidade

Episódios

Psalm 101
03-01-2024
Psalm 101
This is usually considered a Royal Psalm.   In the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England, Psalm 101 is prescribed for use at the anniversary of the monarch’s ascension- Allen, 8; Goldingay, 139 The Psalm describes the kind of person the king longs to be and who he hopes to surround himself with. The people we surround ourselves with influence us for good or evil and the people the king surrounds himself with influence the whole nation.David's high aspirations were not realized in his personal life. His personal failures had a negative impact on the whole nation (II Sam. 11-12; I Kings 1:5-6).Jesus and Psalm 101“No clear echo of Ps. 101 occurs there, but ultimately the Christians will view the psalm in light of Isa. 11:1-5. It becomes a testimony to the One, who did all things well (cf. Heb. 4:15; 5:7), who, endued with the spirit of wisdom, has been appointed Judge of the world (Acts 17:31) and whose servants are called to be above reproach (cf. Titus 2:14)” Allen, 7.101:1 The mercy of the LORD opens the door of salvation- Eph. 2:4.101:2 Blameless is a key word in the Psalm and the same Greek word is used in vs. 2 and 6. Christ is without blemish- Heb. 9:14; I Peter 1:19- and is a word used to describe the people- Eph. 1:4; 5:27; Col. 1:22; Phil. 2:15; Rev. 14:5.It is because He is the blameless sacrifice that we can be blameless before Him. 101:8 kill in the LXX is used for what was done to Jesus in Matt. 16:21; 17:23; 21:38-39; 26:4101:8 Sinners is used for those for whom Jesus died- Rom. 5:8- and came to save- Matt. 9:10-11, 13; 11:19; I Tim. 1:19It is because of HIs death that we can be forgiven. This is all so that we would have access to God’s city- Rev. 21-22
Psalm 99
15-12-2023
Psalm 99
What does this Psalm show us about the nature of God?99:1 God is a king who reigns over the whole earth and all peoples- 99:1, 2. 99:2, 3 The LORD is great 99:2, 5, 9 Though God of all the earth, God reveals Himself in a special way in Zion, His holy footstool or hill.99:4 God is a God of justice, righteousness- Ps. 89:14; 97:2; and equity- 96:10; 98:9  99:3, 5, 9 God is holy. Where He reveals Himself is His holy hill- 99:9. 99:6, 8 God is a God who answers prayer- Psalm 65:2. “The Lord revealed that He hears and responds faithfully to the cries of His people. The exalted King is not detached and distant from His subjects, but He is interested and involved in their lives” Estes, 238. 99:7 God reveals His will and His words to His people- “There was two-way communication between the Lord and His people, as human intercessors addressed the Lord on behalf of the people and the Lord communicates His decrees and statutes from them to obey” Estes, 238.  99:8 God is forgiving. “The Lord’s forgiveness does not fall short of justice; but it goes beyond justice to grace” Estes, 239. Ex. 34:7; Num. 14:1899:8 God is an avenging God- Deut. 32:35 noun vengeance in Vengeance is mine“Forgiveness without chastening would make us complacent, and chastisement without forgiveness would make us despair. Forgiveness without discipline would make us spoilt children; discipline without forgiveness would break our hearts. Together they guarantee that while we can treat forgiveness as certain, we can never treat sin and negligible” Motyer, 550. “When we praise God, we praise all of God’s acts, the acts of grace and the acts of punishment. We praise God for holding us accountable. This makes praise a weighty matter, a serious business, an act to be understood and contemplated, instead of mindlessly given” NICOT, 732-733.Jesus and Psalm 9999:5, 9 Exalt is the Greek word used in John 3:14; 8:28; 12:32, 34 for Jesus lifted up at the cross and Acts 2:33; 5:31 for being lifted up in the ascension. 99:8 “God’s holiness ultimately involves not God’s avoidance of sin and sinners, but God’s willingness to bear the burden of sin (v. 8; the Hebrew word translated ‘forgiving’ means lit. ‘to bear,’ ‘to carry’ and to love sinners” McCann, 1076. Isaiah 53:4, 12. He has borne or carried our griefs and borne our sins. 99:3 Let them praise is Let them acknowledge or confess in the LXX and is the word used in Rom. 14:11 and Phil. 2:11.99:5, 9 Worship is applied to Jesus when people bowed down to Him but also in some cases which clearly seem to involve worship- Matt. 14:33; 28:9, 17; Luke 24:52; Heb. 1:6.99:6 Called on His name- Acts 7:59; 22:16; Rom. 10:12-13; I Cor. 1:2“The theology of Psalm 99 is incarnational. God is involved with a particular place (vv. 1-2, 5, 9) and with a particular people (vv. 6-8) in the struggle for justice and righteousness (v. 4) …Replacing Zion and the Temple (Mark 13:1-2; 14:58; 15:29), Jesus become the earthly locus of God’s presence and power, the focus and revelation of God’s glory (see John 1:14-18). The incarnation of Jesus is the ultimate redefinition of holiness: God resides in human flesh!...God sovereignty is manifested ultimately in suffering love, a manner that appears to the world to be weakness (see I Cor. 1:22-25; II Cor. 12:9)” McCann, 1076. “These psalms throb with latent, if not overtly expressed anticipation of a new coming of Yahweh. He is coming to judge the world” Tate, 532. Acts 17:30-31; II Cor. 5:10.
Psalm 97
29-11-2023
Psalm 97
This psalm calls the earth to rejoice that the LORD reignsThe fact "the LORD reigns" (Ps. 93:1; 96:10; 97;1; 99:1) or God is King (Ps. 95:3; 98:6) is emphasized repeatedly in the psalms through this section. 97:2 The LORD dwells in thick darkness- Sinai- Exod. 19:16-19; 20:18-21; Deut. 4:11-12; 5:22; Heb. 12:18. Solomon's prayer stresses the same in I Kings 8:12; II Chron. 6:1.Sometimes the Bible stresses God dwells in light- Ps. 104:2; I Tim. 6:16. Whether God is pictured as dwelling in light or darkness, the text emphasizes that we cannot see God in all HIs glory- Exodus 33:18-23.97:3 Fire consumes HIs enemies- Lev. 10:1-2; Num. 11:1-3; 16:35; Ps. 50:397:4-5 These verses sound like a thunderstorm, an earthquake, and a volcano all rolled up into one- Micah 1:4; Nahum 1:3-6; Psalm 18:7-1597;7 If God is so awesome, it is foolish to worship another. 97:7 is quoted from the LXX (also Deut. 32:43) from the LXX and applied to Jesus. All the angels worship Jesus. A passage applied to Yahweh and HIs glory is applied to Jesus in Hebrews 1. Jesus fully shares in being God. The holiness of God as described in Ps. 97:2-3 is our hope. Evil and injustice will not prevail forever in our world because God is utterly holy and absolutely powerful.However, the holiness of God is also our problem. Fire consumes HIs adversaries in Ps. 97:3. The word used for adversaries in the Greek translation was used for us all in Rom. 5:10. Because of our sin we are His enemies. Righteousness is the foundation of HIs throne but there is none righteous, not even one- Rom. 3:10.How can we stand before Him? Nahum 1:6.The death of Christ, the greatest injustice and greatest act of unrighteouness in history, displays the justice and righteousness of God- Romans 3:21-26. Through the cross and resurrection of Jesus, it is possible that unrighteous and enemies of God like us can be saved.
Psalm 96
10-11-2023
Psalm 96
I Chron. 16:23-33 records this virtually word for word. That chapter is describing the moving of the ark to Jerusalem. “In recapturing for us the triumphal entry of the ark to Jerusalem, the Chronicles writes out nearly the whole of this psalm, with part of two others (105, 106), as the centerpiece of his chapter” Kidner, 346. Invitations to praise are found in vv. 1-3, 7-10a, 11-12a and reasons for praise are found in vv. 4-6, 10b, 12b-13. “Three strophes in vs. 1-6, 7-10, and 11-13, each consisting of a call to praise followed by the cause for praise” Estes, 216.This Psalm truly has a universal ring to it: 96:1 “all the earth,” 96:3 “among the nations,” 96:3 “among all peoples,” 96:7 “families of peoples,” 96:9 “all the earth,” 96:10 “among the nations,” 96:10 “judge the peoples,” 96:13 He is pictured as judging the earth, the world, the peoples.Psalm 96 and the New Testament96:1 new song- Rev. 5:9; 14:3 Jesus' death is a cause for singing the new song. 96:2 The word used in the LXX for proclaim the good news is the word used for preaching the gospel. It is used to announce the birth of John- Luke 1:19 and Jesus- Luke 2:10. It describes the preaching of John- Luke 3:18 and Jesus- Luke 4:43; 20:1 and the disciples in the limited commission- Luke 9:6. It is used 15 times in Acts to describe the preaching of Jesus- Acts 5:42; 8:4, 12, 25, 40; 10:36; 11:20; 13:32; 14:7, 15, 21; 15:35:16:10; 17:18.96:3 Declare His glory- 96:7, 8 also use the word glory. The word for glory is used of Jesus in John 1:14; 2:11; 5:41, 44; 12:41, 43; 17:22, 2496:3 Wonders- The word is used in the LXX is used only once in the NT and used of the miracles of Jesus in Matt. 21:15.96:6 The words translated strength and beauty in the NASB are in the LXX majesty and holiness. The word for majesty is only used 3 times in the OT but one is in II Peter 1:16 where Peter says we were eyewitnesses of His majesty. The word for holiness is used in Rom. 1:4 according to the spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord. 96:10 The LORD reigns- The word reigns from the LXX is used of Jesus’ rule in Luke 1:33; I Cor. 15:25; Rev. 11:15, 17. 96:10 He will judge with equity or uprightness. The word used in the LXX is only used in the NT in Heb. 1:8 and it is of Jesus. 96:12 Trees of forest rejoice- The word for trees is used for the death of Jesus in Acts 5:30; 10:39; 13:29; Gal.3:13; I Peter 2:24. It is also used of the tree of life in Rev. 2:7; 22:2, 14, 19.
Psalm 95
02-11-2023
Psalm 95
This is both a call to worship and praise and a prophetic rebuke.vs. 1-2, 6 are exhortations which continually cry "Let us" (6 times). We are called to praise, thank, and bow showing our humility before God. vs. 3-5, 7 give reasons to praise, thank, and bow before God. vs. 7c-11 is a prophetic rebuke quoted in Hebrews 3:7-11 in the NT.New Testament use of this psalmHeb. 3:7-4:11 “Christians are like the wanderers in the wilderness, rescued from Egypt (the bondage to sin and death), but not yet arrived in the Promised land (heaven). Accordingly, the author of Hebrews cites Ps. 95:7-11 and encourages his readers not to succumb to temptation and die in the wilderness without ever reaching their heavenly rest” Longman, 341. Heb. 3:7-4:13 “forbids us to confine its thrust to Israel. The ‘Today’ of which it speaks is this very moment; the ‘you’ is none other than ourselves, and the promised ‘rest’ is not Canaan but salvation” Kidner, 343.Heb. 3:7-11 Introduced with just as the Holy Spirit says- Heb. 9:8; 10:15. Partial quotes are made in 3:15; 4:3, 7.Some of the plays on words in this Heb. 3-43:7 Today- 3:13, 15; 4:7, 73:7, 15 Hear- 3:163:8, 10, 15; 4:7 Heart(s)- 3:123:8, 15 Provoked- 3:163:9 forty years- 3:173:10 angry- 3:173:8 in the wilderness- 3:173:11 swore- 3:183:11 they would not enter His rest- 3:183:11 enter His (that) rest- 3:18; 4:1, 3, 3, 5, 10, 11Gen. 2:2 God rested- Gen. 2:2Joshua gave rest- Josh. 21:44; 22:4David spoke of another rest- Ps. 95:7-11Jesus gives rest- Matt. 11:28, 29This is one of the ways Jesus fulfills Psalm 95
Psalm 94
25-10-2023
Psalm 94
94:1-7 God of vengeance shine forth94:1 O Lord, God of vengeance- This is the only time in the Bible that the LORD is addressed this way. Deut. 32:35; Ps. 58:10; 79:10; Prov. 20:22; Isaiah 35:4; Jer. 51:6; Ezek. 25:12, 14, 17; Nah. 1:2; Rom. 12:19; Heb. 10:30. He is the God who rights wrongs that wicked men bring upon those helpless to resist. 94:8-11 A warning to those who think they can hide their way from God94:12-15 An encouragement to those who are experiencing evil treatment94:16-23 The LORD sustained the Psalmist when none stood with himJesus and Psalm 9494:1 God of vengeance- II Thess. 1:8 and picture of Jesus in Rev. 19:11-2194:2 Rise up in the LXX is the same word for the Son being lifted up in John 3:14; 8:28; 12:32 and it is also used of Jesus in Acts 2:33; 5:31 and being exalted to God’s right hand. 94:2 The one who judges- Jesus will judge- John 5:22, 3094:3 How long? Rev. 6:994:5 crush- NASB is the same verb used in Isaiah 53:5 “He was crushed for our iniquities”, 10 “He was pleased to crush Him.”94:5 afflict- Isa. 53:4 “He was smitten of God and afflicted”; Isa. 53:7 “He was oppressed and afflicted” The two verbs used to describe the mistreatment of God’s people in Ps. 94:5 are used of the treatment of the Servant in Isaiah 53. 94:6 The word for killed used in the LXX is used of Jesus being killed in Matt. 16:21; 17:23; 21:38, 39; Mark 8:31; 9:31; 10:34; Luke 9:22. Jesus experienced the same treatment given the most weak and helpless. 94:11 The LORD knows the thoughts of man- I Kings 8:39; Matt. 9:4; John 2:24-2594:16 The Psalmist stood alone, without human help, before the wicked. Jesus experienced this- Matt. 26:56; Mark 14:50, 51-52.94:17, 18 help Me- The word of the LXX addressed to Jesus- Matt. 15:25; Mark 9:2494:17 The LXX has the idea of my soul being in Hades- Acts 2:27, 3194:21 Jesus is righteous- Matt. 27:19; Luke 23:47; Acts 3:14; 7:52; 22:14Jesus is innocent- used in the NT only in Matt. 27:4, 24
Psalm 93
18-10-2023
Psalm 93
The LORD reigns is declared in Ps. 93:1; 96:10; 97:1; 99:1.The LORD is King is said in Ps. 95:3; 98:6.The word King is the noun and reign the verb of the same Hebrew root word.The only Psalm between Psalms 93-99 that do not state God is King or He reigns in Psalm 94 and it must be associated in some way with His reign. We will see more about that, LORD willing, when we cover that text. Psalm 89 was a Royal Psalm, a psalm emphasizing the human king from the line of David, and apparently written when there was no king left on the throne. Book 4 of the Psalms (90-106) shows that God is still King even if there is no king from David's line on the throne. Psalm 93 and Jesus93:1 The truth the LORD reigns is proclaimed in Rev.19:6 though the thought is contained in several OT passages. “Christians celebrate God’s kingship in the person of Jesus, the ‘anointed king’ (Messiah) who has come to establish God’s kingdom. When He stilled the waves and walked on the water (Matt. 8:23-27; Mark 6:45-52; John 6:16-24), He showed that He is the God who controls the forces of chaos” Longman, 335. 93:3-4“The real and fundamental truth about the world is simply this: God reigns. The disparity between this proclamation and the so-called real-world calls for a decision…The decision is the same one Jesus called for when He announced the presence of God’s reign and invited people to enter it (Mark 1:14-15)” McCann, 1055. 93:1 The word used for clothed in the LXX is used 27 times as a verb in the NT. It is used is Matt. 27:31 and Mk. 15:20 of the soldier’s treatment of Jesus. They mocked Him, they took the robe off Him and put His own garments back on Him and led Him away to crucify Him. The one who was clothed in majesty is clothed with His own garments in a mocking way. 93:1 The word for girded in girded Himself is used in Rev. 1:13, where Christ is girded with a golden sash.93:2 Your throne…- Heb. 1:8-9 93:2 You are from everlasting- John 1:1-3