Psalm 94

Carefully Examining the Text

25-10-2023 • 24 min

94:1-7 God of vengeance shine forth

94:1 O Lord, God of vengeance- This is the only time in the Bible that the LORD is addressed this way. Deut. 32:35; Ps. 58:10; 79:10; Prov. 20:22; Isaiah 35:4; Jer. 51:6; Ezek. 25:12, 14, 17; Nah. 1:2; Rom. 12:19; Heb. 10:30. He is the God who rights wrongs that wicked men bring upon those helpless to resist.

94:8-11 A warning to those who think they can hide their way from God

94:12-15 An encouragement to those who are experiencing evil treatment

94:16-23 The LORD sustained the Psalmist when none stood with him

Jesus and Psalm 94

94:1 God of vengeance- II Thess. 1:8 andpicture of Jesus in Rev. 19:11-21

94:2 Rise up in the LXX is the same word for the Son being lifted up in John 3:14; 8:28; 12:32 and it is also used of Jesus in Acts 2:33; 5:31 and being exalted to God’s right hand.

94:2 The one who judges- Jesus will judge- John 5:22, 30


94:3 How long? Rev. 6:9

94:5 crush- NASB is the same verb used in Isaiah 53:5 “He was crushed for our iniquities”, 10 “He was pleased to crush Him.”


94:5 afflict- Isa. 53:4 “He was smitten of God and afflicted”; Isa. 53:7 “He was oppressed and afflicted” The two verbs used to describe the mistreatment of God’s people in Ps. 94:5 are used of the treatment of the Servant in Isaiah 53.


94:6 The word for killed used in the LXX is used of Jesus being killed in Matt. 16:21; 17:23; 21:38, 39; Mark 8:31; 9:31; 10:34; Luke 9:22. Jesus experienced the same treatment given the most weak and helpless.

94:11 The LORD knows the thoughts of man- I Kings 8:39; Matt. 9:4; John 2:24-25


94:16 The Psalmist stood alone, without human help, before the wicked. Jesus experienced this- Matt. 26:56; Mark 14:50, 51-52.

94:17, 18 help Me- The word of the LXX addressed to Jesus- Matt. 15:25; Mark 9:24


94:17 The LXX has the idea of my soul being in Hades- Acts 2:27, 31

94:21 Jesus is righteous- Matt. 27:19; Luke 23:47; Acts 3:14; 7:52; 22:14

Jesus is innocent- used in the NT only in Matt. 27:4, 24